Electricity refers to a variety of phenomena that result from the presence and flow of an electrical charge, such as static electricity and lightning, but contain other concepts such as electromagnetic field, electromagnetic induction and other concepts. Electricity has been studied since ancient times, but it did not apply electricity to the industrial zone and residential uses until the late 19th century, and since then it has been used in many applications such as lighting, transportation, communications, etc.
History of the discovery of electricity
When a question arises such as “Who invented electricity?” We need to answer this question by explaining that electricity has not been invented, it has been discovered; it is a form of energy that a person needs a lot of time to discover in nature. Complex in about 600 BC, when the Greeks discovered that amber can be charged when rubbed in fur, known as static electricity. In 1600, the English physician William Gilbert, the name “electricus” is the Latin equivalent of the word “Kahraman” to describe the forces that appear in the material when rubbed together. The word “electricity” first appeared several years later when English scientist Thomas Brown used it. His writings were written after his study of Gilbert’s research, and in 1660 Otto von Gerike (Otto) von Gerik invented the power plant. Then came Francis Hoxby, who invented an improved generator of static electricity. Then came the world Robert Boyle, who discovered the forces of dissonance with the forces of attraction, and that electricity passed through the vacuum, and then came the world Stephen Gray Gray, who conducted many experiments that indicate the presence of conductive materials and other non-conductive materials. Charles Faux de Fei distinguished between two types of electricity, paving the way for the emergence of Benjamin Franklin’s “positive” and “negative” electric charges later on. In 1745, Peter van Musschenbroek invented a vial, or Leyden jar, a vial that stores electricity in 1747, enabling William Watson to discharge static electricity from the Liden vial. The concept of quantum energy later emerged through the efforts of some scientists, such as Henry Cavendish, who studied the connection and comparison of materials, and the scientist Charles de Coulomb, who discovered the law on the forces of attraction between electrified particles. .
In 1752, the world, Benjamin Franklin, conducted his famous experiment using a kite, a key during a storm, where he was able to prove a relationship between lightning and electricity and then showed more interest in electricity when the world noticed Luigi Galvani that frog legs moved Due to the discharge of static electricity, it was mistakenly assumed that the frog’s leg generated electricity, but the scientist Alessandro Volta thought otherwise, and invented the first battery to produce a constant current as proof that electricity was generated chemically, paving the way for the scientist George Ohm, the relationship between voltage and resistance in the circuit, Now known as Gan Wen Hume, as well as James Prescott Jules, who discovered the law of heating in the electric conductor, the Gustav scientist Robert Kerchov, the electric current, WA on the electric voltage, the basic laws in the circuits.
In 1819, Hans Christian Orstad discovered that a magnetic field had been created by wire if it passed an electric current. French scientist André Marie Ampére exploited the results of Orstead, and in 1873 he developed many electromagnetic laws, and François Arago reached the invention of the electromagnet. Then came Michael Faraday, who was the first to pass an electric current through the wires and paved the way for his invention of the electromagnetic devices for the start of the generators of technology, where the adoption of Epolite Pixie on the model Faraday for the manufacture of the hand of an electric generator, opened the door to Thomas Edison of the United States and the British scientist Joseph Swan to invent The lamp is glowing about a year (1878). Swan and Edison later founded a joint project to produce the first incandescent lamp, and we were able to light the first electric street in New York in September 1882. Later, Nikola Tesla, the American SRS and AC main system, contributed to the birth of electricity for commercial purposes.
The efforts of scientists in the development of electricity
In the story of the discovery of electricity, we must not forget the efforts of many scientists, such as James Clarke Maxwell, who predicted the existence of electromagnetic waves traveling at the speed of light, and the scientist Heinrich Hertz, who confirmed this prediction in practice, (1895) by world scientist Marconi, , Who discovered the electron, Ernest R. Rutherford, his team that knew the distribution of electric charges inside the atom, and the scientist Robert Milikan) who measured the electron charge in 1913. So it was not just someone who discovered electricity, but there were many great minds that contributed to enjoying all this electric power providing us with luxury.