Insomnia is a sleep disorder that leads to a person’s inability to start sleeping, or a person’s inability to stay and sleep, leading to very few hours of sleep or troubled sleep. Acute insomnia may be short-term and a common problem, such as stress, family problems, etc. It can last for days or weeks, and insomnia may be chronic and chronic. Insomnia) lasts for one month or more; most cases of chronic insomnia are secondary; that is, the symptoms or side effects of another health problem, some medications or others, but may be the most insidious in the first place; Or another drug. So far, the cause of insomnia has not been fully understood, but some causes, such as stress for a long time, and emotional disorders, for example, may be released. ]
It is possible to treat insomnia in more than one way as follows:
Some non-prescription medications used to treat insomnia are listed below:
- Antihistamines are the most common, but they may cause side effects such as feeling calm and sluggish during the day, dizziness, malaise, dry mouth, confusion of vision, constipation, weight gain, and urine retention. The body may get used to some medications quickly, such as defenhydramine, which usually occurs within three days.
- Melatonin, a hormone secreted from the pineal gland, and a normal secretion of the body between 2 am and 4 pm, below the pre-dawn level, and at least the ex-more effective To treat insomnia in the elderly. Because of its ability to influence the harmony of the biological clock in the body, it is effective for the treatment of sleep disorders, which is in the form of dietary supplements. The effectiveness of melatonin in people with insomnia may depend on the composition and dosage of the drug, the timing and frequency of treatment, and the duration of treatment.
- Tryptophan (L-tryptophan) is used to improve sleep in people with insomnia, although there is little research to prove its effectiveness.
Some prescription drugs, such as Isopiclone, Ramelteon, Zaleplon and Zolpidem, can be used as the first treatment for insomnia. short period. Orexin receptor antagonists (Orexin receptor antagonists) are used to inhibit certain chemicals in the brain that keep a person awake. Therefore, these drugs stimulate and improve sleep, benzodiazepines are used to help start sleep or continuous sleep, as well as antidepressants with calming effect.
Other drugs, but not officially approved, are used, including gabapentin, a drug used to treat chronic pain, and has been studied for use in some sleep disorders such as leg restlessness syndrome, sleep improvement, increased sleep time, efficacy, and other outcomes. One of these drugs is also Tiagabine, an anticonvulsant, and studied its effect on sleep at a dose of 4 to 16 milligrams, far below the dose used to treat epilepsy.
Some herbs, such as valerian root, chamomile, spring flower, and flower passion, can be used, but there is insufficient scientific evidence to prove its effectiveness and safety. Of it is important to note that some people use alcohol to help them sleep. This is a mistake and should be avoided. Alcohol initially causes drowsiness and helps to start sleeping; increases the possibility of waking up at night and difficulty getting back to sleep. Second feeling tired.
The risk of insomnia may increase in women because of hormonal changes during menstruation, during pregnancy, or in menopause. For example, night sweats and hot flashes in menopause cause sleep disturbances, mental and physical disorders increase the risk of insomnia, and increase the chance of increasing the person’s age. Lack of a regular schedule, such as a change in working hours or travel, may cause a disturbance in the sleep cycle and wake up in the person, which increases the risk of insomnia.
Complications of insomnia
Insomnia affects physical and mental health because sleep is an important factor in maintaining physical activity, such as healthy food. People suffering from anxiety suffer from a decline in the quality of life compared to people who get the right amount of sleep. Insomnia complications have led to lower performance at work or school, and slower feedback, increasing the likelihood of accidents and disorders in mental health such as depression, anxiety and drug abuse, as well as increasing the likelihood of long-term existence such as hypertension, heart disease, , Insomnia may cause insomnia and activity when waking up, feeling sleepy during the day, loss of energy, loss of focus, learning, remembering and others.
What Is Insomnia? “ , National Heart, Lung, and Blood
Insomnia – Treatment Overview “ , WebMD , Retrieved